Opposing Equal Rights for Men and Women is opposing Human Rights. Why would two human beings who are equally qualified, equally educated and equally proficient, capable and ‘successful’, (as equal as we can quantify), receive a different monetary salary within the same organization? If one of these human beings is a female and the other a male, then this is what often happens in the United States of America.
In 1923, over ninety years ago, a woman and suffragist leader called Alice Paul first introduced the Equal Rights Amendment to Congress. The aim of the amendment was essentially to eliminate gender-based discrimination. Section 1 of the original Equal Rights Amendment proposal read, “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.”
Leaders such as Gloria Steinem provided argument after argument in support of the Equal Rights Amendment, ERA, and testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee in its favor in 1970. Also in 1970, the National Organization for Women, NOW, an American feminist organization founded in 1966, began a hard push for the Equal Rights Amendment.
The President’s Commission on the Status of Women was established by John F. Kennedy in 1961, with Eleanor Roosevelt appointed as head of the organization, and it was set up in the hope of providing a solution to female discrimination in education, work force, and Social Security.
Yet, despite such strong, influential people and organizations pushing for an ERA, such an amendment has still not been ratified to this day. Other powerful people have strongly opposed the ERA and put forward convincing, to some, arguments for why the ERA would be detrimental to women. One such person was Phyllis Schlafly.
Phyllis Schlafly led the Stop-ERA campaign and suggested that ratification of the ERA would mean changes such as courts no longer tending to favor mothers for child custody in divorce cases and the introduction of women being drafted to war. Phyllis Schlafly used scare tactics to persuade people to support her in her fight to have the ERA not written into the U.S. Constitution. She also appealed to women, and to men, especially males who favored a patriarchal society, by apparently glorifying the picture of a traditional American woman. Schlafly painted the picture of a doting and dedicated wife and mother, with an apron and superb apple pie baking skills.
Today I ask you: “Can a feminist bake apple pies?” The more relevant question is: “Does a feminist Want to bake apple pies?” With my concept of what it means to be a feminist, then yes, a feminist may want to bake apple pies. If she enjoys baking. And a non-feminist may not want to bake apple pies, if she doesn’t enjoy baking. In my eyes, a feminist can be a wonderful wife and a brilliant mother and a great cook and a successful career woman. Any woman can be these things. And every woman in the workplace deserves to receive equal pay to her male counterpart.
An Equal Rights Amendment is a necessity. Without such an amendment to the United States Constitution, women are legally not protected when it comes to equal opportunities and justice. Violence against women is prevalent, but state laws, (differing from state to state), and federal laws remain highly inadequate for dealing with such serious issues. The current laws related to women’s rights in the United States are not nearly enough to promote gender equality or to safeguard women against gender-based violence. Ratification of a comprehensive, sensible ERA is needed, urgently. And merely, but at the same time crucially, it’d be a step towards a greater embrace of basic human rights for women.